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What is the Difference Between a Female and Male Cannabis Plant?

By December 11, 2017 No Comments

Difference Between Male & Female Cannabis:

No matter what intention or reason you have for wanting to consume cannabis, the content of the herb you may smoke, vape, ingest, and/or consume comes from either a female or male cannabis plant. In rare instances, there are hermaphrodite cannabis plants, but most often, the cannabis plant has one gender—male or female. Find out how you can tell the difference between male and female cannabis, the purpose each plant contains, and how this differentiation can help you when growing, consuming, and/or purchasing cannabis in the future.

When growing cannabis, it’s essential to identify whether the plant is female or male. There are many differences between these two types of plants starting with the fact that female plants produce useable cannabis whereas male plants do not. If a female plant is pollinated, it will stop growing flowers and instead, it will start producing seeds, according to an Extract.SunTimes article. To prevent the cannabis plant from producing seeds, it’s necessary to separate the males and females before the males begin pollination.

Throughout the growing process, cannabis plants undergo two stages of life including the vegetative stage and the flowering stage. As stated by Extract.SunTimes, the vegetative stage is similar to a plant’s childhood because the plant is only focusing on growing bigger and taller. It’s nearly impossible to tell which gender the cannabis plant is during this first stage. However, at around six weeks, the plants begin showing ‘pre-flowers’, which will allow you to identify the difference between the male and female plant(s) before flowering and potential pollination.

Once the cannabis plant is around six weeks old, look for the ‘telltale’ gender identifiers such as the male and female pre-flowers. Oftentimes, male plants are tall with thick stems and contain sporadic branches with less leaves. Additionally, male plants begin to show their gender when they start growing a shape that is similar looking to a clump of bananas at the inner joints of the plant’s branches.

Oppositely, female cannabis plants start showing their gender when they grow tiny white hairs at the joints and base of the plant’s branches. The white hairs typically grow in sets of two, and as the plant matures, the hairs increase in size and turn into a reddish color, according to Extract.SunTimes. In general, female plants grow tiny white hairs and male plants do not, therefore, when trying to determine the gender of your cannabis plant, look out for this.

Furthermore, other ways you can tell the difference between a male or female cannabis plant consists of the identification of the plant’s sex organ(s). For example, the tiny white hairs that grow on the cannabis plant are called pistils, or otherwise known as the plant’s primary female sex organ. As stated by Herb.co, female plants are often coated with an extremely thick layer of resin, which helps the female flower capture pollen produced by male counterparts.

Overall, a flower that has been kept away from pollen is much more potent than a flower that has been fertilized because it produces more trichomes. The unfertilized female plant is known to produce trichomes, the ultra-frosty layer that provides people with psychoactive medical properties.

The appearances of male and female cannabis plants are different, especially since the male plants do not contain the flowering buds that people know and love. A typical male cannabis plant produces dozens of ‘pollen sacks’ rather than trichomes. These pollen sacks look like groups of tiny hanging tulip bulbs when they are closed, and when they’re open, it’s quite a pretty sight. In general, male cannabis plants aren’t as potent as females, but they still do contain cannabinoids.

Rarely are cannabis plants neither male nor female. Sometimes, they’re classified as hermaphrodite, meaning the plant contains both male and female parts. For the majority of growing situations, the cannabis plant has one identified gender. When growing cannabis, it’s important to know that it starts flowering when it receives twelve hours of light and twelve hours of uninterrupted darkness in each 24-hour cycle, as stated by SensiSeeds.com.

Additionally, once the intended light cycle is initiated, the cannabis plants enter the pre-flowering stage, in which they increase in size as the plant’s branch structure prepares to bear and support the flowers. On average, the pre-flowering stage lasts ten days, and the first flowers should become visible within two weeks or so. As mentioned above, at six weeks, you should be able to identify the difference between a male and female cannabis plant.

Even though female cannabis plants produce the flowering buds and potent trichomes that countless medical patients and recreational users love, male cannabis plants are important too, since they contain beneficial cannabinoids. Cannabis users can experience a variety of benefits from both the male and female cannabis plant(s), but when growing, it’s especially important to identify which plant you have before the flowering process.

Next time you decide to grow cannabis plants on your own, don’t forget the importance of identifying the gender of your plant(s) at the six-week mark to prevent the production of seeds rather than flowering buds in the case the plant is female. Regardless of which sex a cannabis plant may be, users can greatly benefit from the cannabinoid content it provides and the purpose each plant serves.

Even though the male cannabis plant doesn’t produce useable cannabis as compared to the female plant, you can use the leaves from the male plant and blend them up or even add it into the making of a cannabis butter or oil. Find out which other specific ways you can eat cannabis by reading the article below:


As mentioned earlier, resin is produced from the female cannabis plant, and if you would like to learn more about resin, be sure to read this interesting article:


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